DRR/DRM

Assignment name:

1. Baseline and end line surveys in recovery districts

Sources of funds: Sajhedari Bikas Project, PACT Nepal

Narrative description of Project:
The overall purpose of this project is to establish baseline information regarding status of recovery efforts, responsiveness of government to citizen needs, and citizen satisfaction with service delivery in the recovery zones. It also aims to gather information on how strengthening governance approaches may or may not improve development outcomes.


2. Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in Koshi River Basin

Sources of funds: Climate Development and Knowledge Network (CDKN) and International Global Change System for Analysis, Research and Training (START)

Narrative description of Project:
This 13 months project was funded by Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) and International Global Change System for Analysis, Research and Training (START). The project involved a technical component and a social component. Climate change impact assessment was carried out as a part of technical component through various mathematical models. Similarly, a baseline survey was carried out to and the socio-economic vulnerability, DRR and climate change adaptation practices were assessed and relevant recommendations were provided including capacity buildings of central and local level structures.


3. Hazard and vulnerability mapping, Documentation of good practice examples in Disaster Risk Management (DRM) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA)

Sources of funds: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN)

Narrative description of Project:
Nepal is prone to a variety of recurring natural disasters such as floods, landslides, snow avalanches, Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF), hailstorms, thunderstorms, cold waves, hot waves, drought, pest and disease epidemics and earthquake. In particular floods, landslides, hailstorms and drought spells are almost regular phenomena. The poor, marginalized and disadvantaged groups of people are hardest hit by natural calamities that occur in the country. The project will focus mainly on those hazard types affecting agriculture the most, namely floods (combined with water logging in some place), drought and dry spells, and also landslides in hilly areas. The learning approach, if successful, will offer the basis for replication in other high risk flood and drought prone areas of Nepal.


4. Enhancing earthquake resilience capacity of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

Sources of funds: Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre (ADPC)

Narrative description of Project:
This research project aims:
To explore the possible means of minimizing damages during a seismic event,
To strengthen the capacity of people towards preparedness of seismic hazard, and
To improve post earthquake disaster resilience capacity of the community.


5. Integrated Community Based Disaster Management in Banke District, Nepal

Sources of funds: International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management-Public Works Research Institute (ICHARM-PWRI)

Narrative description of Project:
The general objective of the NDRI and ICHARM-PWRI initiative was to investigate the grass root problems of flood disasters in selected flood prone communities so that it would be possible to propose a best practicable strategy for the implementation of suitable projects/programs to mitigate flood disasters and to alleviate poverty in the region and nation in a long run. Other specific objectives of this study were:
To provide in-depth knowledge of causes and problems concerning flood disasters especially in rural communities in Nepal
To identify major priority areas under Human, Social, Financial, Institutional, Environmental and Physical dimensions to mitigate the flood disasters
To figure out best operational and managerial strategy for possible/practical interventions, which can be applied by the donor agencies or national government in implementing suitable project/programs especially to mitigate flood disasters and to enhance community development in a holistic manner.


6. Assessment of Flood Inundation in Lower West Rapti Basin under the effect of Climate Change

Sources of funds: International Center for Water Hazard and Risk Management (ICHARM), Japan

Narrative description of Project:
The villages located in the Lower West River Basin near the Nepal-India border faces recurrent flood disasters where significant loss of property, lives and livelihood of the local population occurs. The main problems in the study area due to annual flood inundations, bank erosion, high sediment load and river course shifting. Flood inundation is both due to the mainstream West Rapti River and the tributaries (ephemeral rivers originating from the Siwalik Range). The specific objectives of this research study were:
To carry out socio-economic trend analysis and project it for 30 and 50 years from now on
To carry out hydrological; simulations and inundation analysis under climate change condition
To assess the climate change impact on flood characteristics and inundation in Lower West Rapti River Basin

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