Water Resources

Assignment name:

1. Adaptation to Climate Change in the Hydroelectricity Sector in Nepal

Sources of funds: CDKN (Climate and Development Knowledge Network)

Narrative description of Project:
This Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) funded project led by Nepal Development Research Institute (NDRI)-Nepal, working in collaboration with Practical Action Consulting (PAC) and Nepal Global Adaptation Partnership (UK) Limited (GCAP).The study builds on the previous assessment of the Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Nepal (IDS, 2014). Develop a solid evidence base on the vulnerability of the hydro-sector to climate change; Identify viable adaptation options that enhance resilience; Understand and address the challenges of mainstreaming adaptation in the sector and build capacity and help enable adaptation action amongst policy makers and the private sector are the objectives of the project. The project aims to be comprehensive and participatory. A key principle has been to ensure that there is high level of interaction and co-production between the research team and key Government and other stakeholders. For current work progress please refer following links:

» Adapting to climate change in the hydroelectricity sector in Nepal
» The importance of Nepal’s hydropower sector for climate compatible and low carbon development
» Why greater private sector engagement is necessary in Nepal’s hydro-electricity sector?
» Nepal’s hydroelectricity sector – How to lessen its vulnerability to climate change

2.Koshi Project (Stream Flow Analysis in Bagmati Basin)

Sources of funds: CSIRO

Narrative description of Project:
The project was initiated with an aim to build an improved water balance model and also to progress on accuracy of stream flow. As a part of 'Koshi Project' of CSIRO, a simple water balance model was developed in Bagmati basin of Nepal to test the suitability of the model in the basin. Unlike physically based hydrological models, conceptual modes are recognized to perform better on smaller and even larger catchments. With this motive and with the best practice approach of the models in numerous Australian and European catchments, this study adopted a simple conceptual rainfall-runoff model - GR4J, of Source in Bagmati basin. The model has widely been applied for decision making on water allocation and planning process in Australia.
Collation of datasets (cross-section, discharge, level ratings, land cover etc) for building hydrologic model, building hydraulic models and conducting rating curve uncertainty analysis
• Develop a daily hydrological water balance model of the Bagmati catchment in eWater Source
• Collect minimum of ten cross-section surveys at Pandheradovan and Bhorleni gauging sites
• Develop a hydraulic model at both Pandheradovan and Bhorleni gauging sites
• Prepare report for hydrological and hydraulic modelling of Bagmati catchment.

3. Assessment of Water Resources Management and Freshwater Biodiversity in Nepal

Sources of funds: USAID- Nepal / United States Forestry Service (USFS)

Narrative description of Project:
The study project was undertaken to know the drivers of food and livelihood insecurity along with the social inclusion, gender equality, health nutrition and sanitation situation in the selected five districts, focusing primarily on climate vulnerable households and those affected by deep poverty and high rate of malnutrition. The research approach adopted was rapid field assessment using Key Informant Interview (KII) and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) which was supplemented by Desk Review by thematic experts. Field reports were keenly analyzed using textual analysis and compared and contrasted with secondary information arrive at by desk review.

4. Bagmati River Basin Improvement Project [ ADB TA-8050 NEP]

Sources of funds: Asian Development Bank

Narrative description of Project:
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is supporting the Government of Nepal (GON) to address critical water security issues in the Bagmati River Basin and has agreed to finance the preparation of Bagmati River basin improvement project (BRBIP). The BRBIP is proposing to improve water security and resilience to potential climate change impact in the Bagmati River Basin. It will build on the general public's desire to restore the river environment in the Kathmandu Valley and the Government's efforts to improve irrigation development and mitigate the impact of water induced disasters in the middle and lower reaches of the basin. The project adopts the principles of integrated water resources management (IWRM) and provides Nepal with its first opportunity to apply this key policy element since it has been adopted under the national water plan in 2005. NDRI's members Dr. Divas Bahadur Basnyat, Dr. Laxmi Prasad Devkota and Dr. Nawa Raj Khatiwada were involved in this program.

5. Evaluation of Project on Rainwater Harvesting in Makawanpur (1st phase)

Sources of funds: Plan Nepal

Narrative description of Project:
Plan has been facilitating and providing support to community people to have water supply facilities for domestic and other multiple uses and small scale irrigation. Rain water harvesting schemes have been promoted for domestic use to the families living on the hilltops and along ridges in dispersed settlements that fall in the semi-arid regions. In the areas where water sources are scarce and that they fall in the arid region, building piped water supply systems to support the locals is less feasible, both technically and financially. Makawanpur is one of the districts where Plan is implementing Rainwater Harvesting project activities to support the families. Rainwater harvesting is an appropriate and sustainable technological option to meet the minimum water supply requirements. The project activities started in April 2006 and ended in June 2008 were carried out in different locations of seven VDCs in the district. The specific assignment of the evaluation of Project on Rainwater Harvesting in Makawanpur has been undertaken by Nepal Development Research Institute for Plan Nepal.

6. Consultancy Input for Identification and Rapid Assessment of Sub-basin (catchments) of the Karnali River Basin

Sources of funds: Concern Worldwide,Nepal

Narrative descriptopn of Project:
The program will apply a Catchment Coverage Approach, aiming to achieve 100% water and sanitation coverage in the selected catchments. Therefore, the entry point of the program is to identify the watershed catchments within Karnali River Basin. The objective of the consultancy work is to identify sub-catchments, delineate catchment boundaries and river network in digital format of the Karnali River basin, conduct rapid assessment on selected catchments and enhance CWN and its partners' capacity on these aspects.

7. Koshi Basin Risk Modeling (Comprehensive Approach to Probabilistic Risk Assessment in Koshi River Basin)

Sources of funds: DHI Water & Environment (S) Pvt. Ltd, Singapore

Narrative descriptopn of Project:
Mapping of exposure data over Sapta Koshi flood-plain area (between Chatra Gorge and the Koshi Barrage), as well as the entire command area of Sunsari Morang Irrigation Project (SMIP).Defining vulnerability curves for each exposure unit relating to the hazard i.e. flood intensity, inundation depth.

8. ADB TA-8050 NEP: Bagmati River Improvement Project - T1 Consulting Services for Bagmati (43448-012)

Sources of funds: Danish Hydraulic Institution (DHI)

9. Assessment of Flood Inundation in Lower West Rapti River Basin under the effect of Climate Change (final stages)

Sources of funds: International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management Public Works Research Institute (ICHARM), Japan

Narrative descriptopn of Project:
The main objectives of this research were:
• To carry out socio-economic survey to assess the socio-economic vulnerability and exposure to flood hazards and to derive the flood damage/loss functions for different flood conditions
• To carry out hydrological; simulations and inundation analysis under climate change condition
• To assess the climate change impact on flood characteristics and inundation in Lower West Rapti River Basin

10. Evaluation of Projects on Rainwater Harvesting in Makawanpur and Kathmandu (Phase 2)

Sources of funds: Plan Nepal

Narrative descriptopn of Project:
The overall objective of the project was to improve living standard of families in Makawanpur through promotion and adoption of rainwater harvesting practices and mainstreaming strategies that facilitated its adoption within wider water sector policies, through strengthening of the institutional and human resources capacities of the Nepali people to use rainwater harvesting.

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