Health & Sanitation

Assignment name:

1.Community Based-Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood illness (CB-IMNCI) Programme Assessment

Sources of funds:World Health Organization (WHO)

Narrative description of Project:
This project aims to identify the gaps in the service, draw lessons and bring necessary modifications in the CB-IMNCI program (phases) in 6 project districts (Solukhumbu, Jhapa, Mahottari, Kaski, Humla and Doti). The overall objectives of the project is to assess situation of service readiness in the health facilities for IMNCI services particularly focusing on sick young infants, to assess knowledge and skills of service providers for management of sick young infants, to assess volume of service provided to sick young infants and children aged 2-59 months in the last 3 months and explore reasons for low or no service offered by health facilities and reasons for reluctant to service delivery and to explore quality of service provided to the clients in terms of prescription of appropriate drugs, appropriate dosing, follow-up visits by clients, referral, clients compliance etc.


2. Facility Based Assessment for Reproductive Health Commodities and Services: Monitoring Survey (2nd Monitoring Study)

Sources of funds:United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Nepal

Narrative description of Project:
Assess the service availability, distribution and stock-out of essential lifesaving RH commodities, including contraceptives, and other key issues related to family planning service delivery at public, private and NGO sectors health facilities across the country. Collect necessary data to monitor progress on selected health system related indicators from NHSP II logical framework.


3. Final Evaluation of "Strengthening Local Capacities in Integrated solid Waste Management (ISWM) in small and Medium Municipalities of Nepal."

Sources of funds: Practical Action Nepal

Narrative description of Project:
Recently, Practical Action Nepal Office has completed a 21 month project—"Strengthening Local Capacities in Integrated solid Waste Management (ISWM) in small and Medium Municipalities of Nepal". The project was implemented in four municipalities; Bharatpur, Vyas, Nepalgunj and Birendranagar targeting to benefit 5500 households. The project was implemented with the objective of improving of the health and environmental conditions of disadvantaged people living after the use of ISWM approach in these municipalities. For the project stakeholders included the four Municipalities, Municipal Association of Nepal (MuAN), udle/GTZ, community leaders, and small-scale business entrepreneurs, local formal and informal private sector involved in recycling. WASTE Netherlands and Practical Action, UK staff provided technical assistance to the project. This final study will assess the project impact and evaluate the overall outcomes and performance in the project implemented Municipalities. It will also evaluate the focus of the project as to strengthen capacity of the municipalities with regard to manage their waste in sustainable manner through effective participation of the stakeholders in planning and management.


4. Training to private sector health service providers on malaria prevention and treatment

Sources of funds: Population Services International (PSI), Nepal


5. Using Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) opportunities to mitigate the release of greenhouse gases by improving waste management practices

Sources of funds: Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN) Secretariat, Japan

Narrative description of Project:
A study on 'Using Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Opportunities to Mitigate the Release of Green House Gases by Improving Waste Management Practices' was funded by Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN) Secretariat, Kobe, Japan. This project aimed to carry out a feasibility study in assessing the impact of better waste management in the municipalities of Nepal through proper collection of solid wastes and aerobic composting. Other specific objectives of this study are:
• Review, analysis and assessment of the relevant research literature on gaseous emissions from composting and anaerobic waste decomposition, and latest development on CDM framework implementation
• Collection of secondary data and information on waste characteristics, generation rates, collection and disposal, and development of a comprehensive overview of data and knowledge on waste management in the municipalities of Nepal
• Development of an analytical framework on waste management focusing on aerobic composting and identifying the system factors
• Estimation of the rate of GHGs during aerobic composting and anaerobic decomposition, and preparation of simplified estimation guidelines
• Preparation of templates of Project Information Notes (PIN) describing the utilization of funds available under CDM framework for co-financing of waste management in the municipalities.


6. Use of pesticides and its impact on the health of Nepalese population

Sources of funds: Department of Human Ecology (HUMECO), Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan

Narrative description of Project:
A MoU was signed between Department of Human Ecology (HUMECO), Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan and NDRI to establish a formal relationship in order to conduct collaborative activities and development, share experiences and expertise, exchange information and human resources and develop areas of joint endeavours. Under this agreement, the specific project aims:
• To describe change of subsistence pattern and chemical use in rural and urban communities in Nepal.
• To evaluate chemical exposure level and its effect on people's health.


7. A research project “Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella species in Poultry carcasses from Lalitpur and Kathmandu Local Markets of Nepal"

Sources of funds: International Foundation for Science (IFS)

Narrative description of Project:
Every year, typhoid fever and salmonellosis related to food-borne are increasing in Nepal. Majority of cases of human salmonellosis are due to the consumption of contaminated eggs, poultry, pork, beef and milk products. Foundation for Science (IFS) provides grants to help qualified young researchers in developing countries, whose work falls in certain areas of Science, to start their research career. In this context, this research project aims:
• To study the prevalence of Salmonella species in raw poultry carcasses obtained from Lalitpur and Kathmandu local markets.
• To detect Salmonella by PCR method.


8. Facility Based Assessment for Reproductive Health Commodities and Services

Sources of funds: UNFPA

Narrative description of Projects:
Along with 45 other countries across the world, Nepal is one of the recipients of fund through a Global Program to enhance Reproductive Health Commodity Security (GPRHCS) which aims to strengthen the availability of reproductive health (RH) commodities and provision of quality Family Planning (FP) services by fulfilling gaps in areas such as supply chain management; staff training and supervision; availability of national guidelines and protocols and Information Communication Technology. Under GPRHCS program, a baseline was conducted in 2013/2014 and for subsequent monitoring of progress; Facility Based Assessment for Reproductive Health Commodities and Services was conducted in 2014/2015. The objective of this survey was to assess the service availability, distribution and stock-out of essential lifesaving RH commodities, including contraceptives, and other key issues related to family planning service delivery at public, private and NGO sectors health facilities across the country. The survey also collected necessary data to monitor progress on selected health system related indicators from NHSP II logical framework.


9. Measuring Quality of Service Delivery through Sangini Franchising Outlets

Sources of funds: Academy for Educational Development (AED)

Narrative description of Projects:
The primary objective of this study was to measure the quality of services delivery from Sangini providers in the 49 priority districts across the dimensions of pre-counseling; client assessment (screening); Sangini standard procedure; infection prevention; physical facilities; Behavioral Change Communication (BCC); and product availability.


10. Study on Environmental Change in Rural Asia with a focus on Use of Pesticides and its impact on health of Nepalese Population

Sources of funds: Department of Human Ecology (HUMECO), University of Tokyo, Japan

Narrative description of Projects:
The specific objectives of the project were:
• To describe change of subsistence pattern and chemical use in rural and urban communities in Nepal and
• To evaluate chemical exposure level and its effect on people's health.

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